Colon Cancer

This Colon Cancer page I will be sharing news or testimonies I come across related to Colon Cancer or cancer in general.

I am focusing on Colon Cancer because I live in Singapore and it has become the Number Cancer Killer and also I have known a few friends who have had this issue. The more I learn every day about Kangen Water I have come to realise that alot of our health challenges affect the Colon. This Organ plays a very important part in our lives. We eat and we drink every day, this is the Input there has to be an Output and the waste from the Input must pass thru the Colon.

Article 1
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Colon Cancer on the rise in Singapore

It was reported in the My Paper that Colorectal-cancer cases are on the rise, with 8,206 cases diagnosed over five consecutive years ending in 2010.
This is a nearly 4 per cent increase from the 7,909 cases diagnosed from 2005 to 2009. In addition, 9 in 10 of these are diagnosed with the cancer of the large intestine between 2006 and 2010 were aged 50 and above. These statistics, are taken from the Singapore Cancer Registry Interim Report, which were highlighted for the 11th Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month in Feb 2012.

Associate Professor Tang Choong Leong, head of Singapore General Hospital’s department of colorectal surgery, said there are many reasons for the rise in colorectal cancer. But diet could be a contributing factor for the cancer, which has the highest number of diagnosed cases for men and women combined.

“When people take a lot of red meat and very little fruit and vegetables, it increases the risk of cancer,” said Prof Tang. He added that the chance of getting colorectal cancer increases significantly for people aged 50 and above, so more cases will likely surface as Singapore’s population ages.

There are no symptoms in the early stages of colorectal cancer, so experts suggested that regular screening can help to detect the disease early. Statistics have shown that those diagnosed at stage one of the cancer have an 80 per cent chance of surviving for at least five years. This drops to 7 per cent when diagnosis is done at stage four.

People aged 50 and above are also encouraged to undergo the Faecal Occult Blood Test annually which involves collecting a stool sample and sending it to the Singapore Cancer Society for tests. The society will refer those who tested positive to a hospital for check-ups.

As part of Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month in March 2013, the society has held two roadshows and working with polyclinics and Guardian retail stores to distribute the stool test kits until end April 2013. Public forums on colorectal cancer have been held during March till end of April 2013.

In Singapore Colon Cancer is now the number 1 cancer for men and the number 2 for women. It is certainly on the rise and all the more people must re-examine their lifestyle diet and also make sure that they are drinking sufficient water and of the right kind of water.

Article 2
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General Cancer Information Singapore Cancer Statistics
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Cancer is the No. 1 Killer in Singapore

*1 in 4 Singaporeans dies of cancer

*14 people die from cancer every day

#28 people are diagnosed with cancer every day

*Source : Ministry of Health, Singapore Health Facts, Principal Causes of Death, updated 30 Jan 2012.

#Source : Singapore Cancer Registry, Interim Annual Registry Report, Trends in Cancer Incidence in Singapore, 2006-2010 (51,657 notifications of new cancer cases by year of diagnosis, 2006-2010)

top10cancers

Article 3
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Where is the colon and rectum?

The colon and rectum (or the large intestine) is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract. Broadly our gastrointestinal tract consists of

Oesophagus which connects the mouth to the stomach where the food is stored and released periodically into the small intestine where the food is broken down and absorbed.

lac-colorectal-cancer-001

The food residue enters the colon where water is absorbed and the food residue is converted to waste product by the action of bacteria. The rectum is the terminal part of the colon in which the waste produce (faeces) is stored before being expelled via the anus.

What is colorectal cancer?

Our body is made up of basic units called cells. When these cells grow in an uncontrolled manner, a malignant growth or a cancer is formed.

Colorectal cancer is formed from cells which line the inner wall of the colon and rectum. This lining is called the mucosa. At this stage the cancer is termed non-invasive i.e. the cancer cells have not spread out of the colon. If undetected, the cancer will grow bigger and project into the lumen of the colon. It will also invade through the colon wall and spread via several routes:

1. Invasion of neighbouring intestines and organs

2. Lymphatic system into neighbouring lymph glands called mesenteric lymph nodes.

3. Blood stream to the liver where secondary malignant deposits can be formed.

Colorectal cancer that has invaded the lymph nodes or the liver is in the advanced stage.

What are polyps?

Polyps are benign lumps on the inner wall of the colon and rectum. They look like a small grape attached to the colon by a stalk. They are fairly common in people above 50 years old. Some types of polyps (called adenomatous polyps) may transform into cancer. If such polyps are detected, they should be removed to prevent the development of cancer.

Normal colorectal-cancer-

Normal Colon

colorectal-cancer-with polyp

Colon with Polyp

Certain features of a polyp make one suspect that it may be malignant:

Polyp > 1 cm diameter

Sessile polyps (i.e. polyps without a stalk)

Multiple polyps

Source : http://www.singaporecancersociety.org.sg/lac-fcco-colorectal-cancer.shtml

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